Intensified insulin treatment carries a substantial risk of severe adverse effects. Multiple daily injection schemes may be safer than treatment with insulin pumps.
A systematic review 1 including 14 studies (12 RCTs, 2 cross-over studies) with a total of 2069 subjects was abstracted in DARE. Intensified treatment always included frequent self-monitoring of blood glucose. Intensively treated patients had a median of 7.9 episodes (range 0 - 66.6) of severe hypoglycaemia per 100 person-years, while conventionally treated patients had a median of 4.6 episodes (range 0 - 33.3), OR 2.99. Intensively treated patients had more episodes of ketoacidosis, which was mostly associated with the use of insulin pumps. Fifteen deaths occurred in intensively treated patients compared to 11 deaths with conventional treatment. Of the 7 deaths (5 ketoacidosis, 2 sudden death) definitely or probably associated with acute complications of insulin therapy, all were in the intensively treated group.
1. Egger M, Davey Smith G, Stettler C, Diem P. Risk of adverse effects of intensified treatment in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis. Diabet Med 1997 Nov;14(11):919-28. [PMID:9400915]
Copyright © 2020 Duodecim Medical Publications Limited.
Adverse effects of intensified treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
is a sample topic from the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines
To view other topics, please sign in or purchase a subscription.
Evidence Central is an integrated web and mobile solution that helps clinicians quickly answer etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis questions using the latest evidence-based research. Complete Product Information.
"Adverse Effects of Intensified Treatment of Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus." Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines, Duodecim Medical Publications Limited, 2019. Evidence Central, evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456946/all/Adverse_effects_of_intensified_treatment_of_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus.
Adverse effects of intensified treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456946/all/Adverse_effects_of_intensified_treatment_of_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus. Accessed March 31, 2020.
Adverse effects of intensified treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. (2019). In Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited. Retrieved March 31, 2020, from https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456946/all/Adverse_effects_of_intensified_treatment_of_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus
Adverse Effects of Intensified Treatment of Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus [Internet]. In: Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. [cited 2020 March 31]. Available from: https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456946/all/Adverse_effects_of_intensified_treatment_of_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus.
TY - ELEC
T1 - Adverse effects of intensified treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
ID - 456946
BT - Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines
UR - https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456946/all/Adverse_effects_of_intensified_treatment_of_insulin_dependent_diabetes_mellitus
PB - Duodecim Medical Publications Limited
DB - Evidence Central
DP - Unbound Medicine