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Accuracy of family history of cancer

Evidence Summaries

Level of Evidence = B

Self-reported family histories of site-specific cancer appear accurate for breast and colon cancer in first-degree relatives. Reports for other cancers and second-degree relatives are more variable in accuracy.

A systematic review 1 including 14 cohort studies was abstracted in DARE. To be eligible for inclusion, the studies had to check the disease status or cause of death for family members identified as having cancer (positive family history) and also check the disease status or cause of death of all relatives reported as not having cancer (negative family history). For people with a personal history of cancer, the LR of a positive self-reported family history of cancer among a first-degree relative was 23.0 for colon cancer, 41.0 for breast cancer, 20.0 for endometrial cancer, 44.0 for ovarian cancer, and 24.0 for prostate cancer. For people with a personal history of cancer, the LR of a negative self-reported family history of cancer among a first-degree relative was 0.29 for colon cancer, 0.07 for breast cancer, 0.55 for endometrial cancer, 0.21 for ovarian cancer, and 0.25 for prostate cancer. For people without a personal history of cancer, the LR of a positive self-reported family history of cancer among a first-degree relative was 23.0 for colon cancer, 8.9 for breast cancer, 14.0 for endometrial cancer, 34.0 for ovarian cancer, and 12.3 for prostate cancer. For people without a personal history of cancer, the LR of a negative self-reported family history of cancer among a first-degree relative was 0.25 for colon cancer, 0.20 for breast cancer, 0.68 for endometrial cancer, 0.51 for ovarian cancer, and 0.32 prostate cancer.

Comment: The quality of evidence is upgraded by strong association.

References

1. Murff HJ, Spigel DR, Syngal S. Does this patient have a family history of cancer? An evidence-based analysis of the accuracy of family cancer history. JAMA 2004 Sep 22;292(12):1480-9.  [PMID:15383520]


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Citation

"Accuracy of Family History of Cancer." Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines, Duodecim Medical Publications Limited, 2019. Evidence Central, evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456753/all/Accuracy_of_family_history_of_cancer.
Accuracy of family history of cancer. Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456753/all/Accuracy_of_family_history_of_cancer. Accessed August 18, 2019.
Accuracy of family history of cancer. (2019). In Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Available from https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456753/all/Accuracy_of_family_history_of_cancer
Accuracy of Family History of Cancer [Internet]. In: Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. [cited 2019 August 18]. Available from: https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456753/all/Accuracy_of_family_history_of_cancer.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - ELEC T1 - Accuracy of family history of cancer ID - 456753 BT - Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines UR - https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/456753/all/Accuracy_of_family_history_of_cancer PB - Duodecim Medical Publications Limited DB - Evidence Central DP - Unbound Medicine ER -