Acute abdomen in the adult – Related resources
- Antibiotics are effective in preventing post-operative complications following infection of the peritoneum (peritonitis), but there is no evidence to support that one regimen is superior to another A.
- Provided that surgical expertise and equipment are adequate, diagnostic laparoscopy and laparoscopic appendectomy (either in combination or separately) result in various advantages over open appendectomyA.
- Prophylactic antibiotics decrease the rate of wound infections and intra-abdominal abscesses in patients with surgically treated appendicitis A.
- Nasogastric decompression used routinely after abdominal surgery does not speed recovery A.
- The use of opioid analgesics in patients with acute abdominal pain is effective in reducing pain and increasing patient comfort, and appears not to increase the risk of diagnostic error A.
Other evidence summaries
- Carbapenem (imipenem/cilastatin or meropenem) is as effective as combinations of other antibiotics in the treatment of intra-abdominal infections A.
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