Acute stress reaction and post-traumatic stress disorder – Related resources

Cochrane reviews

  • Psychological interventions are probably not beneficial in routine use following traumatic events. Multiple session interventions may have an adverse effect on some individuals [Evidence Level: C].

Clinical guidelines


  • Aaltonen K. Outcome of traumatic stress. Psychiatria Fennica 2008;36-39:41-77
  • Bisson JI. Post-traumatic stress disorder. BMJ 2007 Apr 14;334(7597):789-93.  [PMID:17431265]
  • Forbes D, Creamer M, Phelps A, Bryant R, McFarlane A, Devilly GJ, Matthews L, Raphael B, Doran C, Merlin T, Newton S. Australian guidelines for the treatment of adults with acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2007 Aug;41(8):637-48.  [PMID:17620160]
  • Multidisciplinary Guideline. Early psychosocial interventions after disasters, terrorism and other shocking events. Amsterdam: Impact, the Dutch knowledge & advice centre for post-disaster psychosocial care, 2007
  • Foa EB, Keane TM, Friedman MJ, Cohen JA (toim.). Effective Treatments for PTSD, 2nd Ed: Practice Guidelines from the ISTSS. New York, The Guilford Press, 2009

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