Acarbose in the prevention of cardiovascular disease and hypertension in patients with impaired glucose tolerance
Evidence SummariesLevel of Evidence = A
Acarbose is effective in the prevention of cardiovascular events and hypertension in patients with impaired glucose tolerance.
In an international, multicentre trial 1, 1429 patients with a mean age of 54.5 years and BMI 30.9 were randomized to receive either acarbose 100 mg 3 times a day or placebo. Decreasing prostprandial hyperglycemia with acarbose was associated with a 2.5% absolute risk reduction and a 49% relative risk reduction in the development of cardiovascular events (HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.28 to 0.95), and a 5.3% absolute risk reduction and 34% relative risk reduction in the incidence of new cases of hypertension (HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.49 to 0.89). The risk reduction was no influenced by adjusting for major risk factors.
1. Chiasson JL, Josse RG, Gomis R, Hanefeld M, Karasik A, Laakso M, STOP-NIDDM Trial Research Group. Acarbose treatment and the risk of cardiovascular disease and hypertension in patients with impaired glucose tolerance: the STOP-NIDDM trial. JAMA 2003 Jul 23;290(4):486-94. [PMID:12876091]
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