Level of Evidence = B
Campaigns delivering advice to avoid prone sleeping appear to reduce the incidence of SIDS.
A topic in Clinical Evidence 1 summarizes the results of one non-systematic review including 3 observational studies, and 12 additional observational studies. The review and additional studies report eight campaigns that delivered advice to avoid prone positioning alone, and seven campaigns that provided advice to avoid a combination of risk factors, including prone positioning. The review and all studies found that the incidence of SIDS was about halved after the campaigns.
Comment: The quality of evidence is upgraded by strong association.
1. Creery D, Mikrogianakis A. What are the effects of interventions to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome? Clinical Evidence 2004;12:546-555.
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Advice to avoid prone sleeping in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
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"Advice to Avoid Prone Sleeping in the Prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)." Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines, Duodecim Medical Publications Limited, 2019. Evidence Central, evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/454411/all/Advice_to_avoid_prone_sleeping_in_the_prevention_of_sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS_.
Advice to avoid prone sleeping in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/454411/all/Advice_to_avoid_prone_sleeping_in_the_prevention_of_sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS_. Accessed April 24, 2019.
Advice to avoid prone sleeping in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (2019). In Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Available from https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/454411/all/Advice_to_avoid_prone_sleeping_in_the_prevention_of_sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS_
Advice to Avoid Prone Sleeping in the Prevention of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) [Internet]. In: Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. [cited 2019 April 24]. Available from: https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/454411/all/Advice_to_avoid_prone_sleeping_in_the_prevention_of_sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS_.
TY - ELEC
T1 - Advice to avoid prone sleeping in the prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
ID - 454411
BT - Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines
UR - https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/454411/all/Advice_to_avoid_prone_sleeping_in_the_prevention_of_sudden_infant_death_syndrome__SIDS_
PB - Duodecim Medical Publications Limited
DB - Evidence Central
DP - Unbound Medicine