The effect of alcohol use and elevated blood pressure on the risk of cerebral haemorrhage may be synergistic.
A population of 1621 individuals over 40 years of age were monitored for 26 years starting in 1961 1 . In the group with elevated blood pressure, the age-and-sex-controlled risk of cerebral haemorrhage was significantly increased (relative risk 3.13, 95% confidence interval 1.08 - 9.10) compared to the non-drinkers. In those with normal blood pressure, the use of alcohol did not increase the risk of cerebral haemorrhage. In case-control studies the crude OR for high alcohol intake was 3.36 (95% CI, 2.21 to 5.12) and for hypertension 3.68 (95% CI, 2.52 to 5.38) 2 .
1. Kiyohara Y, Kato I, Iwamoto H, Nakayama K, Fujishima M. The impact of alcohol and hypertension on stroke incidence in a general Japanese population. The Hisayama Study. Stroke 1995 Mar;26(3):368-72. [PMID:7886708]
2. Ariesen MJ, Claus SP, Rinkel GJ, Algra A. Risk factors for intracerebral hemorrhage in the general population: a systematic review. Stroke 2003 Aug;34(8):2060-5. [PMID:12843354]
Copyright © 2020 Duodecim Medical Publications Limited.
Alcohol as a risk factor in cerebral haemorrhage
is a sample topic from the Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines
To view other topics, please sign in or purchase a subscription.
Evidence Central is an integrated web and mobile solution that helps clinicians quickly answer etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis questions using the latest evidence-based research. Complete Product Information.
"Alcohol as a Risk Factor in Cerebral Haemorrhage." Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines, Duodecim Medical Publications Limited, 2019. Evidence Central, evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/453978/all/Alcohol_as_a_risk_factor_in_cerebral_haemorrhage.
Alcohol as a risk factor in cerebral haemorrhage. Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/453978/all/Alcohol_as_a_risk_factor_in_cerebral_haemorrhage. Accessed October 1, 2020.
Alcohol as a risk factor in cerebral haemorrhage. (2019). In Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited. Retrieved October 01, 2020, from https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/453978/all/Alcohol_as_a_risk_factor_in_cerebral_haemorrhage
Alcohol as a Risk Factor in Cerebral Haemorrhage [Internet]. In: Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines. Duodecim Medical Publications Limited; 2019. [cited 2020 October 01]. Available from: https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/453978/all/Alcohol_as_a_risk_factor_in_cerebral_haemorrhage.
TY - ELEC
T1 - Alcohol as a risk factor in cerebral haemorrhage
ID - 453978
BT - Evidence-Based Medicine Guidelines
UR - https://evidence.unboundmedicine.com/evidence/view/EBMG/453978/all/Alcohol_as_a_risk_factor_in_cerebral_haemorrhage
PB - Duodecim Medical Publications Limited
DB - Evidence Central
DP - Unbound Medicine